- The Swaran Singh Committee was a committee set up by the Government of India in 1976 to make recommendations on the inclusion of fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution.
- The committee was headed by Sardar Swaran Singh, a former Foreign Minister and Home Minister of India.
- The Swaran Singh Committee was formed in the wake of the Emergency (1975-1977), when the government had suspended many fundamental rights.
- The committee’s report argued that the inclusion of fundamental duties would help to balance the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
- The committee recommended a list of ten fundamental duties, which were later incorporated into the Constitution through the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976.
Members of Swaran Singh Committee
- The Swaran Singh Committee was headed by Sardar Swaran Singh, a former Minister of External Affairs and Defense. The other members of the committee were:
- S.S. Ray, former Chief Justice of India
- V.N. Gadgil, economist and former Governor of Maharashtra
- B.N. Banerjee, former Attorney General of India
- Dinesh Goswami, former Chief Election Commissioner of India
- D.P. Singh, former Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha
- C.M. Stephen, former Governor of Kerala
- H.R. Gokhale, former Secretary-General of the Congress Party
- Rajni Patel, former Union Minister for Education
- V.A. Sayed Muhammed, former Member of Parliament
- A.R. Antulay, former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- Vasant Sathe, former Union Minister for Law and Justice
- Fundamental duties are a set of moral and ethical obligations that are enshrined in the Constitution of India.
- These duties were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976, and they serve as a reminder to citizens about their responsibilities towards the nation.
- Fundamental duties are the building blocks of a responsible and accountable citizenry.
- They promote social harmony by discouraging discrimination and fostering a sense of unity among people of diverse backgrounds.
- When citizens uphold these duties, it paves the way for a more inclusive and empathetic society.
Further Reading: Fundamental Duties
- Swaran Singh Committee suggested the incorporation of duties as a separate section within the Indian Constitution, like the structure of fundamental rights for citizens. Additionally, the committee proposed the creation of a separate constitutional part, known as Part IVA, dedicated to outlining these 10 fundamental duties, as outlined in Article 51A of the Constitution.
- The proposal initially suggested incorporating eight Fundamental Duties into the Indian Constitution, but this number was later increased to ten by the Government of India.
- Furthermore, it was suggested that the Indian parliament should review different laws that govern the country’s citizens. After careful consideration, penalties should be implemented for individuals who do not comply with these legislative regulations.
- The law proposed in the aforementioned suggestions should be immune to judicial review. In cases of violations, appropriate actions should be taken against the individuals involved.
- In addition to the previously mentioned suggestions, it was also proposed that henceforth, the obligation to pay taxes should be regarded as mandatory and be recognized as a Fundamental Duty of the nation’s citizens.
- However, it’s important to note that only the first and second proposals received approval from the Indian Government, while the remaining ones were rejected.
- The Swaran Singh Committee was a landmark committee that made significant recommendations on the fundamental duties of citizens in India.
- The committee’s report was accepted by the government and led to the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, which added a new Part IVA to the Constitution.
- This new part, Article 51A, specifies ten fundamental duties that all citizens of India are expected to uphold.
- The Swaran Singh Committee’s recommendations were based on the belief that citizens have both rights and duties.
- The committee argued that while rights are important, they cannot be enjoyed in isolation from duties.
- Duties help to create a responsible and civic-minded citizenry, which is essential for the smooth functioning of a democracy.
The Swaran Singh Committee proposed the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution.
It was constituted by the Government of India in 1976, under the chairmanship of Sardar Swaran Singh, a former Union Minister. The committee submitted its report in 1976, and its recommendations were largely accepted by the government. The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added Part IVA to the Constitution, which contains the Fundamental Duties.