Adjournment Motion

Introduction


  • An adjournment motion is a parliamentary procedure in the Indian Parliament that allows a Member of Parliament (MP) to move a motion to adjourn the House to discuss a definite matter of urgent public importance.
  • The adjournment motion is an extraordinary procedure because it interrupts the normal business of the House.
  • It is used to draw the attention of the House to a serious issue that is of immediate public importance.
  • The subject of the motion must have a direct or indirect relation to the conduct or default on the part of the Union Government.
  • If the motion is admitted, the House will adjourn its normal business and discuss the matter for a maximum of two and a half hours.
  • The discussion is not a debate, and there is no voting.
  • The purpose of the discussion is to allow the MPs to raise their concerns about the matter and to get the government’s response.
  • The adjournment motion is a powerful tool that can be used by MPs to raise important issues of public concern.
  • However, it is also a discretionary power of the Speaker, who can decide whether or not to admit the motion.

Types of Motions in Indian Parliament


Motion Description Can be moved in
Privilege Motion A motion that is moved when a member feels that their privilege has been violated. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
Censure Motion A motion that is moved to express disapproval of the government’s policies or actions. Lok Sabha only
Call-Attention Motion A motion that is moved to draw the attention of the House to a matter of urgent public importance. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
Adjournment Motion A motion that is moved to adjourn the House sine die or to a particular date. Lok Sabha only
No-Day-Yet-Named Motion A motion that has been admitted by the Speaker but no date has been fixed for its discussion. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
No Confidence Motion A motion that is moved to remove the government from office. Lok Sabha only
Cut Motion A motion that is moved to reduce the amount of money allocated for a particular purpose in the budget. Lok Sabha only
Motion of Thanks A motion that is moved to express the House’s thanks to the President for their address to Parliament. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Procedure of Notice in Adjournment Motion


The procedure of notice in adjournment motion in the Indian Parliament is as follows:

  1. The notice must be given in writing to the Parliamentary Notice Office.
  2. A member can give only one notice for any sitting.
  3. If the notice is signed by more than one member, it is deemed to have been given by the first signatory only.
  4. The notice must be supported by at least 50 members.
  5. TheĀ Speaker may, before giving or refusing her/his consent, read out the notice of the motion and hear from the Minister and/or members concerned, a brief statement of facts and then give the decision on the admissibility of the motion.

Time for Discussion of Adjournment Motion


  • The time for discussion of an adjournment motion in the Indian Parliament is not less than two and a half hours, unless the debate concludes earlier.
  • The motion is normally taken up at 16:00 hours.
  • The adjournment motion is a procedural motion that can be moved in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) to discuss a “definite matter of urgent public importance”.
  • The motion must be given notice of before 10:00 hours on the day it is to be moved.
  • The Speaker has the discretion to admit or reject the motion.
  • If the motion is admitted, it is taken up for discussion after the Question Hour and before the Zero Hour.
  • The discussion on the motion is limited to two and a half hours, unless the Speaker agrees to extend the time.
  • At the end of the discussion, the Speaker puts the motion to vote.
  • If the motion is passed, the House is adjourned for the day.
  • If the motion is defeated, the House continues with its normal business.

Restrictions on the Adjournment Motion


  • The adjournment motion is a parliamentary procedure in the Indian Parliament that can be used to force a debate on a matter of urgent public importance.
  • However, there are a number of restrictions on the use of this motion.

The following are the restrictions on the adjournment motion in the Indian Parliament:

  • The motion must be moved by a member of the Lok Sabha (House of the People).
  • The motion must be specific, factual, and urgent.
  • The motion must not cover more than one matter.
  • The motion must not be a question of privilege.
  • The motion must not revive a matter that has already been discussed in the same session.
  • The motion must not deal with a matter that is under adjudication by a court.
  • The motion must not be frivolous or vexatious.
  • If a motion is found to be in violation of any of these restrictions, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha may refuse to admit it for discussion.

Conclusion


  • The adjournment motion is a valuable tool for ensuring that the government is responsive to the concerns of the people.
  • It is a way for members of Parliament to raise important issues that need to be addressed, and it can help to keep the government accountable.
  • However, it is important to note that the Speaker has the discretion to admit or reject the motion, and this can sometimes be used to stifle debate.
  • Nevertheless, the adjournment motion remains an important part of parliamentary democracy in India.

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